<- Blog
2020/12/174 minute read

moving to a lightweight static site

After one too many conversations about the state of the web, arguing against giant bundles and slow sites, I have decided to make this site fully static with no external JavaScript libraries. Previous iterations of the site have both been static and server-side rendered. The static versions were built using Vue, React, and then Gatsby. I did not find that I was happy with any of these solutions, which is evident from the various redesigns and renovations as well as my far-from-stellar activity here. My complaints boiled down to two core issues: overkill and ease of use.

For a simple site like this, any framework like Vue and React is overkill. While I did use this site as a way to experiment with each framework and learn, I was not happy with the end result: a needlessly complex, large, and relatively slow website. The source for the site was spread over a small collection of components, using a proper build system to generate the final output. Making changes required changes in code, which was not conducive to writing. The resulting bundle was more than a few megabytes, which is unacceptable.

Frameworks are for web applications, not websites.

This is a realization that I had all too recently, but I feel it is important to say. Especially in today's climate where we spend so much time chasing and learning new tools, just for the sake of their novelty. A tool should be selected for its value to the particular context, not for its current popularity. Every choice has its potential costs and benefits, and it pays to weigh them ahead of time.

For a period of time, this site was built using Gatsby. This static site generator is incredibly powerful, and I have used it before for making documentation sites. This application was perfect for Gatsby, as it is a powerful and extensible tool that allows for complex things to be easily managed through a plugin system. Content can be provided in nearly endless ways, with most opting to using local markdown. This worked great for a while, until I tried to build the site after a while away. My terminal filled with red, and the next few hours of my time amounted to smashing my head on the keyboard. Node dependency issues, breaking changes between versions, and a bunch of other problems came together to make me reevaluate. Why do I need all of these dependency's? Why do I need this build system? Why do I need to bring in a plugin to do X?

So now, here we are, on what what may be considered v4 or v5 of my personal website. This time, I have opted to bring in some of what I loved about Gatsby, but to do it by myself, and try to include no external JavaScript on the client. The solution I have now is using python3, inspired by this post on dev.to. Using the Jinja21 module for templating and Markdown22 for markdown parsing, it is remarkably simple to roll your own static site generator. Jinja's key contribution is that it allows the site's components to be decoupled. This allows separation of both structure and content, but also allows for repeated HTML to be easily shared. For example, the header component of this page is part of the base template, which every other page extends. I can change the header in this base file, rebuild, and the change is reflected everywhere. Jinja also enables using templates for similar pages, like a blog post. The structure is the same, all that is swapped out is the content.

Markdown2 parses markdown files into HTML, and provides great plugins3 to enable additional features. Personally, I have selected the footnotes, metadata, code-friendly, target-blank-links, and fenced-code-blocks extras. The metadata extra allows for metadata to be provided at the start of a markdown file like:

title: Moving to a lightweight static site
date: 2020/12/17
description: A lightweight custom static site generator using python, Jinja2, and Markdown2

*Content starts here*

This is the metadata for this post, all of which can be changed at will. target-blank-links makes all links open in a new tab, something that I have had to do by hand before. fenced-code-blocks provides build-time syntax highlighting using Pygment to parse and generate the necessary tags, which I then target with a stylesheet on the client, like so:

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
  printf("Hello, world!\n");
  return 0;

This setup gives me control over everything and does not introduce unnecessary dependencies like a node project would. All of this is controlled by a single python script that copies to source files, builds the templates, and parses the markdown. A simple nginx docker image is used to wrap all of this up and serve it.

All in all, I am excited about this new setup. Since I am able to write in markdown again, there is much less friction when trying to start which I hope will allow me to write more. Since things are much simpler, I do not have to worry about external factors nearly as much as before. The final site is just HTML and CSS, with room for some of my own JavaScript if necessary.

If you read all the way here, stop using React for simple websites and enjoy the holidays.

  1. Jinja is what powers the templating system in Flask, but is a pleasure to use on its own. goto

  2. Markdown2 is a great module that is extensible through plugins and provides a lot of control to the user as to what they want to support and do with their content. goto

  3. Markdown2 refers to plugins as extras, which are provided when calling the parser, often without needing to do anything else. goto

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